The difference between Actual and Virtual

When used as nouns, actual means something actually received, whereas virtual means a virtual member function of a class.

When used as adjectives, actual means relating to a person's acts or deeds, whereas virtual means in effect or essence, if not in fact or reality.

check bellow for the other definitions of Actual and Virtual

  1. Actual as an adjective (chiefly, theology):

    Relating to a person's acts or deeds; active, practical.

  2. Actual as an adjective:

    Existing in reality, not just potentially; really acted or acting; occurring in fact.


    "the actual cost of goods; the actual case under discussion"

    "The actual government expenses dramatically exceed the budget."

  3. Actual as an adjective (now, rare):

    In action at the time being; now existing; current.

  4. Actual as an adjective:

    Used as intensifier to emphasise a following noun; exact, very.

  1. Actual as a noun (finance):

    An actual, real one; notably: Something actually received; real receipts, as distinct from estimated ones. A radio callsign modifier that specifies the commanding officer of the unit or asset denoted by the remainder of the callsign and not the officer's assistant or other designee.


    "Bravo Six Actual, this is Charlie One. Come in, over.'' (The radio operator is requesting to speak to the commander of the unit under the call sign "Bravo Six.")"

  1. Virtual as an adjective:

    In effect or essence, if not in fact or reality; imitated, simulated.


    "In fact a defeat on the battlefield, Tet was a virtual victory for the North, owing to its effect on public opinion."

    "Virtual addressing allows applications to believe that there is much more physical memory than actually exists."

  2. Virtual as an adjective:

    Having the power of acting or of invisible efficacy without the agency of the material or measurable part; potential.

  3. Virtual as an adjective:

    Nearly, almost. (A relatively recent development in meaning)


    "The angry peasants were a virtual army as they attacked the castle."

  4. Virtual as an adjective:

    Simulated in a computer or online.


    "The virtual world of his computer game allowed character interaction."

  5. Virtual as an adjective:

    Operating by computer or in cyberspace; not physically present.


    "a virtual assistant; a virtual personal trainer"

  6. Virtual as an adjective (computing, object-oriented programming, of a class member):

    Capable of being overridden with a different implementation in a subclass.

  7. Virtual as an adjective (physics):

    Pertaining to particles in temporary existence due to the Heisenberg uncertainty principle.

  1. Virtual as a noun (computing, programming):

    A virtual member function of a class.